A hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach pushes up into the chest through a small opening (called the hiatus) in the diaphragm, the muscle that separates the abdomen from the chest.
Most of the time, a hiatal hernia is small enough not to cause any symptoms and you may never know you have one.
However, if your hiatal hernia is large enough, the opening in the diaphragm increases, allowing more of your stomach and sometimes other organs to slide into your chest.
Sometimes, the hernia squeezes your stomach, causing restriction and discomfort.
The stomach may rotate and twist as well.
This results in the retention of acid, which can easily back up into your esophagus, causing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), heartburn, chest pain, swallowing problems, and breathing problems.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common digestive disorder that is caused by gastric acid flowing from the stomach into the esophagus.
Also known as reflux, or heartburn, nearly 44 percent of the population experience recurrent GERD and 18 percent of these individuals use some type of non-prescription medication for their problem.
Symptoms are variant, heartburn, dysphagia, vomiting, chest pain, cough, chronic anemia and weight loss.
In many cases we can find the GERD and the hiatal are combined hernia as one complaint and disease.
You might reach the point you are advised to undergo a surgical repair for hiatal hernia or Hiatal hernia when you have strangulated hernia or uncontrolled acid reflux
The Cid reflux & Hiatal Hernia repair is performed under General Anesthesia, by laparoscopic surgery (keyhole Surgery) throw small 3 to 5 incisions.
The stay in the hospital might last up to 5 days.
The recovery might take 2 weeks.
This procedure requires special assessment & pre-operative assessment.